What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

It is a hormonal disorder that generally affects women during their reproductive age. It mostly happens when a woman’s body produces more level of male hormone (androgens) that prevents the ovaries to produce optimum amount of female hormone (progesterone) require to have normal menstruation. This is the reason behind woman suffering from PCOS have irregular periods.

How common is PCOS?

PCOS affects nearly 5%-10% women.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

Symptoms may vary a lot; no two women might have similar symptoms. However, there are some common symptoms like

  • Irregular, heavy or no menstrual bleeding
  • Acne
  • Unusual hair growth on chin, over the lip, chest, stomach, hands and legs
  • Infertility
  • Obesity
  • Thinning of hair

What are the risks associated with PCOS?

There are some serious risks associated with the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, like

  • High Cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Heart Diseases
  • Pre-cancerous changes leading to uterus cancer

What causes PCOS?

The reason behind PCOS cannot be clearly stated. However, it may have a genetic cause where the problem gets transferred from one generation to the other.

How is PCOS diagnosed?

It can be diagnosed with help of blood tests, ultrasounds and through a proper investigation about her prior medical history.

Is it completely curable?

No, it is not completely curable. Though the cysts can be removed with medications or surgeries but they might return.

What are the treatments for PCOS?

The treatment is generally based on the condition of the patient. However, the treatment of PCOS may start off with oral contraceptive pills that help to reduce the male hormones and have a controlled menstruation cycle. The patient can also be treated with fertility medications to improve her chances of becoming pregnant. These medications stimulate the ovaries to release healthy eggs that can be utilized for IVF if she fails to conceive naturally.

The patient suffering from PCOS needs to be monitored constantly as they have higher chances of multiple pregnancies. Surgical methods like Laparoscopy can also be employed to remove the cysts from the ovaries.

Can a woman conceive with PCOS?

Yes, a woman can get pregnant with a PCOS with the help of fertility treatments. However, only a fertility specialist can help to come across the best possible treatment for a woman aspiring pregnancy with PCOS.

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