What are Fibroids?
They are benign non-cancerous growths of uterine muscles. They are tumors formed when a single cell of uterine muscle multiplies. Fibroids generally appear as multiple tumors, though a single fibroid is not rare.
What are the symptoms of Fibroids?
- Heavy bleeding during or even in between periods
- Excessive pelvic cramping
- Painful intercourse
- Lower back and leg pain
- Abdominal bloating
- Constipation or frequent urge to urinate
How can Fibroids affect fertility in women?
- They can bring in change in the shape or position of the cervix or uterus hampering the proper movement of the sperm.
- Can block the fallopian tubes and prevents fertilization
- Prevents smooth blood flow to the uterus that is required to initiate implant
- Brings changes in the uterine muscles that affect the proper sperm and embryo movement
Who are generally at the risk of having fibroids?
- Women in the age group of 30-40 often develop these growths
- Women with family history of fibroid are at three times greater risks of having them
- Obese women often have higher chances of fibroids
- Women having a lot of meat (especially red meat) and fewer vegetables might fall prey to these growths.
What are the risks associated with Fibroids?
These are common in about 2%-12% of women. Though most of them do not grow in size or interfere with pregnancies.But some of them might overgrow and suppress the blood supply to the uterus resulting in unbearable pain leading to hospitalization.
Some possible risks are
- Change in the baby’s position at birth
- Higher chances of cesearian section deliveries
- Preterm deliveries
How can fibroids be detected and cured?
They can be detected with the help of
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Hysterosalphinogram (HSG)
What are the treatments associated with the fibroids?
Surgeries like Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy are generally done to remove fibroids. However, the age of the patient, the position of the growth, severity of the symptoms are some of the factors that influence the mode of treatment.
Can the fibroids revert back again?
Yes, they can. However, chances of the re-growth are minimal with Hysterectomy were a complete removal of the growth is done.
Can Fibroids turn into Cancer?
No they don’t. These are benign growths that rarely turn to cancer neither they encourage the chances of any other kind of cancerous growth in the uterus or ovaries.