What is Endometriosis?
This is a condition when the tissues that are generally present inside the uterus, grows outside. These tissues get implanted to other organs causing irritation and pain and often lead to infertility. These tissues can grow on the ovary or may even invade it to grow inside as a blood filled cyst, known as Endometrioma or Chocolate cyst.
Who are diagnosed with Endometriosis?
It has been estimated that nearly 176 million women around the world suffers from Endometriosis. That is nearly every tenth woman has Endometriosis. This is the most common problem that women generally suffer from during their reproductive age.
What are symptoms of Endometriosis?
- Pelvic pain during menstruation, ovulation or sexual intercourse
- Irregular or heavy bleeding
- Lower back pain
How is Endometriosis diagnosed?
The diagnosis may be done in numerous ways like
- Pelvic examination
- Computerized tomography (CT) scan
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
How is Endometriosis treated?
The medicines that are used for the management of the disease are
- Hormonal contraceptive pills
- GnRH analoges
Laparoscopy is the generally the first line of surgery involved in diagnosing and treating Endometriosis. During the surgery, the scary tissues may be burnt, vaporized, coagulated or removed. The patency of the fallopian tubes is also tested during the process.
Does Endometriosis ends the chance of getting pregnant?
No, with timely diagnosis and proper treatment Endometriosis can be treated. Nearly 70%-80% of women get pregnant after the treatment.
Is Endometriosis a sexually transmitted disease?
No, though the reasons behind the disease are still not known but it can be clearly stated that it is not infectious.
Is it genetic?
Yes, to a certain extent. The research has proven that first-degree female relatives suffering from Endometriosis have a higher chance of developing the disease.
Does pregnancy cures Endometriosis?
No, however, in some women Endometriosis symptoms may subdue during the advance stages of pregnancy or lactation. But often it reverts after delivery or the lactation period.
Fertility Enhancing Treatment After Endometriosis
Women suffering from mild to minimal Endometriosis are benefited with controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) and Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). With IUI alone, the chance of pregnancy is approximately 5% per month. The injections like FSH(follicle stimulating hormones), clomiphene citrate and hMG (human menopausal gonadotropin) without IUI raises the chance approximately up to 4%-9%. With Clomiphene and IUI the chances are about 9%-10% for the first 4 treatment cycles;while with FSH, hMG and IUI it may push up to 9%-15% per month.