Endometriosis derives its name form Endometrium, one of the most important parts of a female reproductive system. It is the vital lining of the uterus that is responsible for menstruation, pregnancy, embryo implantation & development.
But how come Endometrium is now a problem, if it plays such an important part in the reproductive function?
Simple, it finds itself at the wrong place. Read on to find out more:
What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is the medical condition where ‘Endometrium’, the tissue that lines the uterus, grows in other parts of the body causing incessant pain. It is one of the common medical condition suffered by millions of women around the world. Endometriosis can find itself in women of any age and could particularly impact the reproductive health of young women.
It is important to know the basic function of Endometrium to understand how Endometriosis affect female fertility and pregnancy. So, here you go.
Endometrium – Menstruation & Pregnancy:
As a woman approaches her ovulation period, the hormones surge and endometrium inside the uterus thickens so as to prepare for the arrival of fertilized egg after copulation. In case the egg is not fertilized, the thickened endometrium sheds and is pushed out along with vaginal secretions and unfertilized egg resulting in periodic menstruation. The body replenishes the tissue inside the uterus and the cycle continues.
The Endometrium that happens to grow outside the uterus i.e. at ovaries, fallopian tubes, and intestine follows a similar pattern: the tissue thickens during the ovulation, it sheds, causes pain and may gradually deposit at the locations inside the body. This deposits transform into lesions, cysts, and adhesions may distort the normal function of reproductive system.
While Pelvic pain, backache, and pain during intercourse, sore bowel moments are the common symptoms of the Endometriosis, the most serious impact is faced by fertility and pregnancy.
How does Endometriosis affect female fertility?
Endometriosis can impact female fertility in more ways than one. It considerably decreases the fertility of women by affecting the reproductive organs in the pelvic region. Around 30% of the women with Endometriosis suffer from infertility and their inability to conceive is one of the major symptoms due to following reasons:
• Ovaries happen to be the most frequent location for the endometrium tissue to occur and the unhealthy environment created by the Endometriosis is found to cause a decrease in the ovarian reserve, premature ovarian aging, and lower egg quality.
• Ovulation and embryo Implantation problems due to the damage caused by endometriosis.
• The adhesions, cysts, and scars may result in blocking of fallopian tubes and ovaries preventing egg and sperm from making contact with each other.
The above problems caused by Endometriosis can make it difficult for natural conception or may induce miscarriages and complicated pregnancies.
So is having Endometriosis end of the road for women trying to conceive?
First things first, it is important to note that not all women with Endometriosis are infertile, some of them are diagnosed with Endometriosis after their pregnancy and some do face problems with pregnancy.
While Endometriosis can pose a serious threat to your conception chances, it is not a dead end by any means. There are surgical procedures that can help you get rid of the inflammatory tissue to improve your pregnancy chances. Assistive Reproductive Technology Procedures like IVF, IUI can help your bypass the fertility problems to realize your parenthood dream.
But remember, Endometriosis is just an obstacle that you can easily overcome with the help of an experienced fertility specialist. In case you live in and around Hyderabad, we folks at Sridevi Fertility Clinic can assist you in case if you need help regarding your fertility problems. Dr. Swetha Thumula and her team of specialists at Sridevi Fertility Clinic have successfully solved hundreds of Endometriosis cases and would love to help you too.
You can schedule your appointment at Sridevi Fertility