Reproductive ability is one of those important body functions which has to bear the brunt of natural aging, quite early. These days, a woman’s ability to reproduce has slowly started to decline in her early 30s. This decline is due to a decrease in the quality of eggs, resulting in a frequent increase in miscarriages or even birth defects in children.

Improving Egg Quality – The Missing Piece of the Fertility Puzzle

Enhancing the egg quality has always been that missing piece in the puzzle in the quest to improve the fertility of women. Quality of an egg is one the most important factors and can be said as a driving force for a woman’s chance at pregnancy. Though Fertility procedures improve a woman’s chances by a notch, it’s the quality of the egg that ultimately determines the success of these procedures.

Swathes of medical researchers around the globe have been trying to solve the problem for years now. And have they come any closer to the answer?

Yes, say Researchers at Princeton University whose have successfully identified a drug that could potentially improve the egg health with age. Their research not only helps in extending a woman’s natural fertility by 3 to 6 years but also drastically boosts the chance of a pregnancy of a woman in 30s.

How does the egg quality influence fertility in women, exactly?

Women are naturally built to grow and release one egg per each menstrual cycle (normally a month). And their chance of pregnancy in that particular menstrual cycle depends on the health of this egg. While a normal, healthy egg results in a healthy pregnancy, an abnormal egg may fail to fertilize and even if it does, may result in miscarriages.

Age directly affects the Egg Quality

The egg quality has always been the function of a woman’s age. A woman in her 20s will mostly have normal eggs and as she ages, the egg quality slowly begins to deteriorate. By the time she reaches her late 30s the egg quality severely takes a hit irrespective of her lifestyle, making her chances of pregnancy quite bleak. Every normal egg has a specific age at which it may turn into an abnormal one. Thus, improving the quality of the egg is essentially extending its age.

So, how does this research breakthrough extend egg health with age?

Researchers at Princeton have identified a key protein that evidently is responsible for the poor quality of the ageing eggs in worms that share same genes with humans. The subjects were administered with the drug during the reproductive window that extended the egg quality by almost 10%.
Theoretically, the same drug when applied to women in her mid-30s could potentially increase the reproductive period by 3 to 6 years. This extension of the reproductive period can drastically improve the chances of conception for women in their 30s. This increased chances could even further improve effectiveness and success of fertility treatments and procedures too.

Having said that, this theoretical research has got a long road to become a reality. For now, there are other fertility procedures that can help in improving the quality of egg and increasing the chances of your conception.
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